50. A Clockwork Orange (1971)

Directed by Stanley Kubrick

Written by Stanley Kubrick

Produced by Stanley Kubrick

Starring: Malcom McDowell, Patrick Magee, Adrienne Corri, Miriam Karlin, Godfrey Quigley, Anthony sharp and Warren Clarke

Conuntry: United Kingdom

Release Date: December 19, 1971

Running Time: 137 minutes

Why you should see it?

The movie is an adaptation of the dystopian book “A clockwork orange” by Anthony Burges. A book very perversely moral novel about the value of free will.

A Clockwork Orange it is considerate a cult movie and it’s often classified as a horror movie instead of its proper classification as a distopic movie.

This movie is an ideological mess we can see it at the beginning of the film when Alex invites the spectators to enjoy the violence. The authority figures are as bad. If not worse than Alex and unlikely the way Alex is depicted in the film they are mostly grotesque. By far A clockwork orange is Kubrick most prescient work, more astute and unsparing than any of his other films.

A Corkwork Orange and 2001 are parallel movies. The movie 2001 is an American’s nightmare, while A clockwork orange is Britain’s nightmare.

Finally, the soundtrack mainly compose by classical music and a synthesizer compositions and is one of the most recognized soundtracks in cinema history, and the now iconic poster, created by designer Bill Gold, is one of the best seller posters in history.


In futuristic London, Alex is the leader of his “droogs”, Pete, Georgie, and Dim, one of many youth gangs in the decaying metropolis. One night, after intoxicating themselves on “milk plus”, they engage in an evening of “ultra-violence”, including beating an elderly vagrant, and fighting a rival gang led by Billyboy. Stealing a car, they drive to the country home of writer F. Alexander, where they beat Mr. Alexander to the point of crippling him for life. Alex then rapes his wife while intoning “Singin’ in the Rain”.

The next day, while truant from school, Alex is approached by probation officer Mr. P. R. Deltoid, who is aware of Alex’s violence and cautions him. In response, Alex visits a record store where he picks up two girls. Alex and the girls have sex in a fast-motion scene.

After the events of the night before, his droogs express discontent with Alex’s petty crimes, demanding more equality and more high-yield thefts. Alex reasserts his leadership by attacking them and throwing them into a canal. That night, Alex invades the mansion of a wealthy “cat”-woman, filled with erotic art. While his droogs remain at the front door, Alex bludgeons the woman with a phallic statue. At the climax of the attack, close-ups of the erotic paintings on the walls are barely visible in single-frame sequences. Hearing police sirens, Alex tries to run away, but is betrayed by his droogs. Dim smashes a pint bottle of milk across his face, leaving him stunned and bleeding. Alex is captured and brutally beaten by the police. A gloating Deltoid spits in his face and informs him that the woman subsequently died in the hospital, making him a murderer. Alex is sentenced to 14 years incarceration.

Two years into the sentence, the Minister of the Interior arrives at the prison looking for test subjects for the Ludovico technique, an experimental aversion therapy for rehabilitating criminals within two weeks; Alex readily volunteers. The process involves drugging the subject, strapping him to a chair, propping his eyelids open, and forcing him to watch violent movies. Alex, initially pleased by the violent images he sees, becomes nauseated due to the drugs. He realizes that one of the films’ soundtracks is by his favorite composer, Ludwig van Beethoven, and that the Ludovico technique will make him sick when he hears the music he loves. He tries unsuccessfully to end the treatment.

After two weeks of the Ludovico technique, the Minister of the Interior puts on a demonstration to prove that Alex is “cured”. He is shown to be incapable of fighting back against an actor who insults and attacks him, and he becomes violently ill at the sight of a topless woman. Though the prison chaplain protests at the results, saying that “there’s no morality without choice”, the prison governor  asserts that they are not interested in the moral questions but only “the means to prevent violence”.

Alex is released and finds that his possessions have been confiscated by the police to help make restitution to his victims, and that his parents have rented out his room. Homeless, Alex encounters the same elderly vagrant from before, who attacks him with several other friends. Alex is saved by two policemen but is shocked to discover they are two of his former droogs, Dim and Georgie. They drag Alex to the countryside, where they beat and nearly drown him. The dazed Alex wanders the countryside before coming to the home of Mr Alexander, and collapses. Alex wakes up to find himself being treated by Mr Alexander and his manservant, Julian. Mr Alexander does not recognize Alex as his attacker but has read about his treatment in the newspapers. Seeing Alex as a political weapon to usurp the government, Mr Alexander intends to expose the Ludovico technique as a step toward totalitarianism by way of mind control. As Mr. Alexander prepares to introduce Alex to colleagues , he hears Alex singing “Singin’ in the Rain” in the bath, and the memories of the earlier assault return. With his colleagues’ help, Mr. Alexander drugs Alex and places him in a locked upstairs bedroom, playing Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony through the floor below. Alex, in excruciating pain, throws himself from the window and is knocked unconscious by the fall.

Alex wakes up in a hospital, having dreamt about doctors messing around inside his head. While being given a series of psychological tests, Alex finds that he no longer has an aversion to violence. The Minister of the Interior arrives and apologizes to Alex, letting him know that Mr Alexander has been “put away”. He offers to take care of Alex and get him a job in return for cooperation with his PR counter-offensive. As a sign of goodwill, the Minister brings in a stereo system playing Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony. Alex then realizes that instead of an adverse reaction to the music, he sees an image of himself having sex in the snow with a woman in front of an approving crowd dressed in Beethoven-era fashion. He then states, in a sarcastic and menacing voice-over, “I was cured, all right!”


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